Whether you are a REALTOR considering getting into the niche business of dealing with REO’s, a buyer looking to find a deal on a home by seeking a foreclosed property or a seller looking for information on what happens when a foreclosure proceeding is started, you need to know and understand the foreclosure process. By understanding this process, you will know how long the process may take, which entities are involved, and when the proceedings can be halted. Below is a simplified version of the process.
Defaulting on one’s loan causes the start of foreclosure, the process by which the lender takes over the home in order to recover their principal investment. Once the house is either sold on the steps of the title company or the court house at the Trustee’s Sale or “repossessed” by the lender, it is sold and the former owner must vacate at the discretion of the new owner. When there is a power of sale clause in the deed of trust the non-judicial process of foreclosure is used.
Notice of Default:
In California, the timeline of non-judicial foreclosure begins when the trustee files a notice of default. This is a letter that is sent to the owner/trustor notifying him or her of their default of the loan. This notifies the owner of the intent of the lender to follow through on their right to collect on the debt. The copy of the notice, which is recorded at the County Recorders Office of the appropriate county, is mailed to the address of notice as per the deed of trust.
Notice of Trustee’s Sale
No sooner than ninety (90) days after the trustee records the Notice of Default, the Trustee must publish a notice of trustee’s sale in the local paper and simultaneously file that notice with the county recorder’s office. No sooner than twenty days (20) after the notice of trustee sale is filed, the home may be sold at public auction for the amount of the debt plus foreclosure costs. If no one bids at the auction, the lender assumes ownership of the property, and may dispose of that property to recover their cash investment.
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